young woman in black t-shirt is posing in a studio
All photos: Mart Production

We’ve all put on a cotton t-shirt at least once in our lives, and chances are that you’ve got a couple in your drawer right now. They’re often given away as promotional items and are a great way for the wearer to express their interests, views, and creativity. Because t-shirts are such a mainstay in so many people’s lives, most of us never question where they come from or how they’re made. T-shirts are just another common everyday thing that doesn’t require much thought. But learning how they’re made just might make them feel a little less common or better appreciate them.

Cotton is a Plant


A 100% cotton T shirt always starts off as a seed, a cotton seed. Once the seed has been planted, it will take about 100 to 120 days for this beautiful plant to grow to maturity and produce bolls. Each plant will produce quite a few cotton bolls, and inside each boll are as many as a dozen seeds. Most cotton farmers will harvest these bolls using a cotton gin. It’s a machine that will harvest and separate the seed and chaff from the cotton fibers.

young woman in white t-shirt is posing in a studio

Looming


Fresh off of the plant, cotton fibers are fairly tightly compacted. According to the specific variety of cotton, these fibers may be longer or stronger. For instance, pima cotton is known for its longer fibers and softer, more luxe feel. Once the cotton fibers are harvested, they are carded, blended, and combed. This process stretches out the fibers, gets rid of any missed debris, and gets it ready to turn into something more recognizable, like yarn or thread. It can now move on to the looms and be spun into a workable thread that can be woven into the textile we are more familiar with seeing.

Processing


The raw textile gets prepared, colored, and finished during processing. It gets finished with chemicals and heat to get it to the desired color, softness, and print. This is often called wet processing because many of these processes require the cotton textile to be wet or submerged. Once the cotton has been processed and dried, it’s spun onto large rolls and shipped.

pink cotton t-shirt close-up

Styling, Cutting, and Assembling


At t-shirt factories, the rolls of fabric are cut according to the specified design and sizing. Seamstresses will affix the front and back of the shirt, and sew on any sleeves, trim, pockets, and any other embellishments that are part of the design. Sometimes machines take care of all the assembling, and a human is only needed to arrange the fabric and the machine's setter and the machine takes care of the rest of the assembly. Labels are affixed and then the t-shirts are ready to be shipped to stores, designers, and other commercial outlets.

The Takeaway

The journey from seed to t-shirt can be a very involved process, but it moves fairly quickly once the cotton is harvested from the plant. By the time your new cotton t-shirt goes over your head, it’s been touched by many hands and machines, not just the person who printed the design on it. Such an elaborate, long process, required to create a simple cotton t-shirt from scratch, surely deserves a word of appreciation from all of the consumers. Do you agree?

Lots of love,
Liz
  • August 30, 2022

This is How Simple Cotton T-shirts are Made

young woman in black t-shirt is posing in a studio
All photos: Mart Production

We’ve all put on a cotton t-shirt at least once in our lives, and chances are that you’ve got a couple in your drawer right now. They’re often given away as promotional items and are a great way for the wearer to express their interests, views, and creativity. Because t-shirts are such a mainstay in so many people’s lives, most of us never question where they come from or how they’re made. T-shirts are just another common everyday thing that doesn’t require much thought. But learning how they’re made just might make them feel a little less common or better appreciate them.

Cotton is a Plant


A 100% cotton T shirt always starts off as a seed, a cotton seed. Once the seed has been planted, it will take about 100 to 120 days for this beautiful plant to grow to maturity and produce bolls. Each plant will produce quite a few cotton bolls, and inside each boll are as many as a dozen seeds. Most cotton farmers will harvest these bolls using a cotton gin. It’s a machine that will harvest and separate the seed and chaff from the cotton fibers.

young woman in white t-shirt is posing in a studio

Looming


Fresh off of the plant, cotton fibers are fairly tightly compacted. According to the specific variety of cotton, these fibers may be longer or stronger. For instance, pima cotton is known for its longer fibers and softer, more luxe feel. Once the cotton fibers are harvested, they are carded, blended, and combed. This process stretches out the fibers, gets rid of any missed debris, and gets it ready to turn into something more recognizable, like yarn or thread. It can now move on to the looms and be spun into a workable thread that can be woven into the textile we are more familiar with seeing.

Processing


The raw textile gets prepared, colored, and finished during processing. It gets finished with chemicals and heat to get it to the desired color, softness, and print. This is often called wet processing because many of these processes require the cotton textile to be wet or submerged. Once the cotton has been processed and dried, it’s spun onto large rolls and shipped.

pink cotton t-shirt close-up

Styling, Cutting, and Assembling


At t-shirt factories, the rolls of fabric are cut according to the specified design and sizing. Seamstresses will affix the front and back of the shirt, and sew on any sleeves, trim, pockets, and any other embellishments that are part of the design. Sometimes machines take care of all the assembling, and a human is only needed to arrange the fabric and the machine's setter and the machine takes care of the rest of the assembly. Labels are affixed and then the t-shirts are ready to be shipped to stores, designers, and other commercial outlets.

The Takeaway

The journey from seed to t-shirt can be a very involved process, but it moves fairly quickly once the cotton is harvested from the plant. By the time your new cotton t-shirt goes over your head, it’s been touched by many hands and machines, not just the person who printed the design on it. Such an elaborate, long process, required to create a simple cotton t-shirt from scratch, surely deserves a word of appreciation from all of the consumers. Do you agree?

Lots of love,
Liz
close-up of two female faces with charcoal face mask on the skin
Photo: Angela Roma

Acne can affect one’s self-esteem and also leave behind permanent scarring. Therefore, it’s important to treat it as soon as possible. There are many traditional routes to go down with treatment, and these should be explored first. Antibiotic tablets, topical antibiotics, and topical retinoids are typical go-to solutions at GPs. Women can also try combined oral contraceptive pills to see if that yields any results too.
  • August 26, 2022

Here are 3 Alternative Treatments that Will Improve Acne Prone Skin

close-up of two female faces with charcoal face mask on the skin
Photo: Angela Roma

Acne can affect one’s self-esteem and also leave behind permanent scarring. Therefore, it’s important to treat it as soon as possible. There are many traditional routes to go down with treatment, and these should be explored first. Antibiotic tablets, topical antibiotics, and topical retinoids are typical go-to solutions at GPs. Women can also try combined oral contraceptive pills to see if that yields any results too.
two skincare products by brand Sallve on a pink, studio's background

What do you look for in skincare products for a good result? The safety of the ingredients, vegan and cruelty-free formulas, and maybe the simplicity of usage? And what about the affordability? I, personally, can't imagine spending hundreds of dollars on a cleanser or moisturizer. I believe that skin health and beauty must be reasonably priced and approachable. That is exactly what I was looking for when shopping for my latest skincare products by Sallve. Let's find out if they both turned out to be as good, as expected!
  • August 25, 2022

I'm in Love with Vegan Skincare Products by Brazilian Brand Sallve | Review

two skincare products by brand Sallve on a pink, studio's background

What do you look for in skincare products for a good result? The safety of the ingredients, vegan and cruelty-free formulas, and maybe the simplicity of usage? And what about the affordability? I, personally, can't imagine spending hundreds of dollars on a cleanser or moisturizer. I believe that skin health and beauty must be reasonably priced and approachable. That is exactly what I was looking for when shopping for my latest skincare products by Sallve. Let's find out if they both turned out to be as good, as expected!
three beautiful women in lingerie in the studio
Photo: Antonius Ferret

Everyone has some idea of the importance of underwear. After all, most people wear it for good reason. However, it usually isn’t something that you think too much about when you’re getting ready for the day. You might grab the first pair of underwear and bra that falls into your hand, then continue getting dresses.
  • August 19, 2022

Why Underwear Matters: The All-Important Hidden Layer Of Your Outfit

three beautiful women in lingerie in the studio
Photo: Antonius Ferret

Everyone has some idea of the importance of underwear. After all, most people wear it for good reason. However, it usually isn’t something that you think too much about when you’re getting ready for the day. You might grab the first pair of underwear and bra that falls into your hand, then continue getting dresses.

a close-up of a hand with natural long nails and goth black and purple nail look

I love dark and peculiar nail looks just as much as I love wearing dark makeup looks. Certainly, they go together well, creating a wholesome moody look. Black, dark gray, dark blue and dark burgundy were my top four nail colors of choice. However, today we are not going to stop on something as basic as one color manicure, we are going to move a bit further and create an elegant, goth nail look with the help of the stamping technique.
  • August 16, 2022

How to Do This Elegant Black & Purple Goth Nail Look with Stamping?

a close-up of a hand with natural long nails and goth black and purple nail look

I love dark and peculiar nail looks just as much as I love wearing dark makeup looks. Certainly, they go together well, creating a wholesome moody look. Black, dark gray, dark blue and dark burgundy were my top four nail colors of choice. However, today we are not going to stop on something as basic as one color manicure, we are going to move a bit further and create an elegant, goth nail look with the help of the stamping technique.
beautiful ginger woman braids hair for another ginger woman
Photo: Ron Lach

No doubt, summer is one of the years associated with heat waves. So, soaking in the pool or beach, and stepping into breezy clothes and sunshades are summer trends. But chances are that you don’t give your hair the extra summer care as you ought to. The thing is, summer activities may be fun but also expose your hair to hair risks. And that’s why you need a new hair care routine. For instance, straightening out your hair with hair straighteners can become an everyday necessity in summer. Check the list below for 10 summer hair care tips.
  • August 12, 2022

10 Must-Follow Hair Care Tips for the Summer

beautiful ginger woman braids hair for another ginger woman
Photo: Ron Lach

No doubt, summer is one of the years associated with heat waves. So, soaking in the pool or beach, and stepping into breezy clothes and sunshades are summer trends. But chances are that you don’t give your hair the extra summer care as you ought to. The thing is, summer activities may be fun but also expose your hair to hair risks. And that’s why you need a new hair care routine. For instance, straightening out your hair with hair straighteners can become an everyday necessity in summer. Check the list below for 10 summer hair care tips.
three women in a studio wearing shapewear swimsuits
Photo: Karolina Grabowska

Saying yes to the swimsuit could be as hard as saying yes to the dress. The task gets harder when you don't feel 100% comfortable with your looks, or if you have a curvy figure. What if there was a comfortable swimsuit, which backed you up as shapewear? What if it could give you a snatched body look in a matter of seconds: enhance your hourglass shape, provide tummy control, and even lift-up buttocks? Sounds like a fantasy, which has finally become a reality.
  • August 11, 2022

What is Shapewear Swimsuit and How to Choose the Best Model?

three women in a studio wearing shapewear swimsuits
Photo: Karolina Grabowska

Saying yes to the swimsuit could be as hard as saying yes to the dress. The task gets harder when you don't feel 100% comfortable with your looks, or if you have a curvy figure. What if there was a comfortable swimsuit, which backed you up as shapewear? What if it could give you a snatched body look in a matter of seconds: enhance your hourglass shape, provide tummy control, and even lift-up buttocks? Sounds like a fantasy, which has finally become a reality.
plus-size woman in a wedding dress holding bouquet

Photo: Miriam Salgado

Shopping for a wedding dress is an experience that should be uplifting and enjoyable for all women. Sometimes, plus-sized brides feel disadvantaged, but following some tips can make dress shopping relaxing and pleasant.
  • August 02, 2022

Shopping for Plus Size Wedding Dress: Here are 10 Useful Tips to Help You

plus-size woman in a wedding dress holding bouquet

Photo: Miriam Salgado

Shopping for a wedding dress is an experience that should be uplifting and enjoyable for all women. Sometimes, plus-sized brides feel disadvantaged, but following some tips can make dress shopping relaxing and pleasant.