close up of two woman's hands holding hand made soap bars
All photo: Meruyert Gonullu

Soap making is a gratifying and creative pastime that allows you to create one-of-a-kind luxury soaps in your own house. The correct supplies are vital for a successful and fun soap-making experience, whether you're a novice or an expert soap maker. In today's blog post, we will look at the basic soap-making supplies you need to get started.

Oils and Fats

Oils and fats are the basic components of soap. They serve as the soap's foundation and add to its lather, cleansing qualities, and moisturizing properties. Coconut oil, olive oil, palm oil, shea butter, and cocoa butter are common oils and fats used in soap production. To achieve the desired soap characteristics, selecting high-quality oils and fats acceptable for soap manufacture and examining elements such as their fatty acid content and properties is critical. Each oil or fat brings different characteristics to the soap, resulting in varying textures, hardness, and skincare benefits. You can find these natural soap-making supplies from Soapery, ensuring the use of top-quality ingredients for your creations.


Lye, or sodium hydroxide, is a required ingredient in soap manufacture. The chemical reaction known as saponification requires converting oils and fats into soap. When you work with lye, wear goggles and gloves and operate in a well-ventilated location. Handle the lye with caution since it is corrosive. Remember that you must not mix lye with other alkalis, like potassium hydroxide, which is utilized for making liquid soap.


Water is needed in soap-making to dissolve the lye and facilitate the saponification reaction. To maintain cleanliness and avoid contaminants from compromising the quality of the soap, use distilled or filtered water. Hard water with a high mineral concentration might interfere with the soap's performance and cause problems such as soap scum or insufficient saponification.

Soap Moulds

Soap molds are tools that individuals use to shape and mold soap into various shapes and sizes. They are available in multiple materials, including silicone, plastic, and wooden molds. Silicone molds are popular because of their versatility, convenience, and ability to easily release the soap. Plastic molds are also an excellent option, particularly for novices, because they are inexpensive and widely available. Wooden molds, generally lined with parchment or freezer paper, give the soap a traditional and rustic appearance. Select molds that are suitable for both cold process and melt-and-pour soap production.

a close-up of woman's hand holding a bar of handmade soap

Mixing Bowls and Utensils

Soap production necessitates using stainless steel or heat-resistant plastic mixing bowls and utensils. They should be dedicated entirely to soap production to avoid cross-contamination with food. Non-reactive materials are ideal for avoiding interactions with the lye or other soap ingredients. Utensils such as spoons, spatulas, and whisks are necessary to measure, stir, and blend the soap ingredients. Avoid using aluminum and copper utensils because they can react with the lye and compromise the quality of the soap.


A thermometer is necessary for soap production since it allows you to correctly monitor the temperatures. It is critical for optimal outcomes to keep specified temperature ranges during the soap production process. A digital or candy thermometer capable of measuring temperatures ranging from 80°F to 200°F (27°C to 93°C) is appropriate for soap production. Temperatures in the lye solution and the oil combination can be monitored using thermometers with a clip or a long probe.

Safety Equipment

It is critical to ensure your safety while manufacturing soap. Wear safety goggles, gloves, and an apron to protect your eyes, skin, and clothing from any potential contact with lye or other caustic compounds. Using gloves made of chemical-resistant materials such as nitrile or neoprene is critical. When working with chemicals, safety should always come first. Having a well-ventilated workspace or employing a fume hood can also assist in reducing exposure to potentially dangerous gases.

Fragrances, Colors, and Additives

You can use essential oils, fragrance oils, natural colorants, herbs, botanicals, or exfoliants to add scent, color, and other desirable attributes to your soap. These ingredients can improve the soap's look, aroma, and advantages. Make sure to use cosmetic-grade ingredients when producing soap. 

Essential oils are widely utilized for their aromatic characteristics, while fragrance oils provide a broader spectrum of odors. Natural colorants like clays, herbs, and spices can give lovely hues to your soap. You can use gentle exfoliants like oatmeal or ground coffee. Conducting research and adhering to approved additive usage rates is critical to achieving safe and effective results.

What’s the Best Temperature for Making Soap?

The ideal temperature for soap manufacturing for oils and lye solution is approximately 38°C (100°F). Slight fluctuations within a range, on the other hand, are allowed. Personal preference, recipe specifications, and desired soap patterns determine the appropriate temperature.

Higher temperatures hasten the saponification process, resulting in faster thickening of the soap batter, while lower temperatures hasten the saponification process, allowing for more working time for intricate patterns. Experiment to find the best temperature for your specific recipe and desired results.

a close-up of woman's hand holding a bar of handmade soap

Factors to Consider When Choosing Soap-Making Supplies

Several aspects should be considered while choosing soap-making supplies to ensure a successful and happy soap manufacturing experience.

  • Quality And Safety

Prioritise items that undergo proper design and labeling for soap production to ensure their safety and suitability. To produce high-quality outcomes, evaluate the quality of soap bases, scents, colorants, molds, additions, and equipment.

  • Cost and Budget

Compare prices from multiple providers to determine the affordability of various supplies. To maximize the value of your soap manufacturing ingredients, balance quality and financial limits.

  • Personal Preferences and Soap-Making Goals

When selecting supplies, consider your preferences, such as vegan or cruelty-free options and scent preferences. Additionally, to attain the ideal results, line the supplies with your soap manufacturing aims, whether moisturizing, exfoliating, or ornamental soaps.

Considering these variables, you may choose the best soap-making supplies that match your quality standards, fit your budget, and align with your tastes and soap-making goals.

Final Thoughts

With the necessary soap-making supplies, you are well-prepared to begin your journey. When choosing your supplies, keep safety, quality, and personal preferences in mind. Experimenting with various materials, fragrances, and processes allows you to release your creativity and create beautiful, personalized soaps that will delight you and those who use them. Enjoy the process of making one-of-a-kind, handmade soaps that nurture the skin and give you a sense of success. Have fun making soap!

Lots of love,